Enzymatic Conversion of Biomass for Fuels Production (Acs Symposium Series)



Publisher: An American Chemical Society Publication

Written in English
Cover of: Enzymatic Conversion of Biomass for Fuels Production (Acs Symposium Series) |
Published: Pages: 480 Downloads: 104
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Subjects:

  • Biochemistry,
  • Biotechnology,
  • Fossil fuel technologies,
  • Science/Mathematics,
  • Engineering - Chemical & Biochemical,
  • Chemistry - Industrial & Technical,
  • Science,
  • Industrial applications,
  • Enzymes,
  • Energy,
  • General,
  • Science / Chemistry / Technical & Industrial,
  • Science : Energy,
  • Technology : Engineering - Chemical & Biochemical,
  • Biomass Energy,
  • Congresses

Edition Notes

ContributionsMichael E. Himmel (Editor), John O. Baker (Editor), Ralph P. Overend (Editor)
The Physical Object
FormatHardcover
Number of Pages480
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL8226839M
ISBN 100841229562
ISBN 109780841229563

Get this from a library! Bioalcohol Production: Biochemical Conversion Of Lignocellulosic Biomass.. [Keith W Waldron] -- Bioethanol is one of the main biofuels currently used as a petroleum-substitute in transport applications. However, conflicts over food supply and land use have made its production . Biochemical conversion of biomass to biofuels industrial production of fuels, chemicals, and materials is increasing. The After pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis is the preferred option to produce sugars that can be further converted into liquid fuels . In recent years, growing attention has been devoted to the conversion of biomass into fuel ethanol, considered the cleanest liquid fuel alternative to fossil fuels.   Nearly 80% of the carbon in the biomass is typically considered “organic,” i.e., bounded to hydrogen or oxygen. Organic carbon is highly volatile compared to elementary carbon, resulting in improved reactivity and thus makes biomass an attractive feedstock for thermochemical production of fuels and chemicals, especially from the conversion .

biomass feedstocks on the production of fuels and chemicals through a variety of conversion pathways. This work will focus on everything from the feeding and handling of biomass all. Especially, the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass promises to improve the environmental performance, e.g. in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, and seems to have a better acceptance . Cellulosic ethanol is ethanol (ethyl alcohol) produced from cellulose (the stringy fiber of a plant) rather than from the plant's seeds or is a biofuel produced from grasses, wood, algae, or other . Simulation results show poplar biomass to bio-jet fuel conversion yields of L t −1 for the natural steam gas reforming-based processes and L t −1 for the lignin gasification-based processes. The biorefineries differ from each other in how hydrogen is acquired and the fuel .

High energy input and low biomass productivity are two primary bottlenecks for algae biodiesel production [1, 6].The energy requirement for drying, extraction, and conversion processes accounts for , , and %, respectively, of the total energy consumption for algae biodiesel production [].In the two-step oil extraction and conversion .

Enzymatic Conversion of Biomass for Fuels Production (Acs Symposium Series) Download PDF EPUB FB2

Enzymatic pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for. : Enzymatic Conversion of Biomass for Fuels Production (ACS Symposium Series (No. )) (): Himmel, Michael E., Baker, John O., Overend, Ralph Price: $ Enzymatic Conversion of Biomass for Fuels Production Michael E.

Himmel, EDITOR National Renewable Energy Laboratory John O. Baker, EDITOR National Renewable Energy Laboratory Ralph. Discusses the use of enzymatic Enzymatic Conversion of Biomass for Fuels Production book microbial biocatalysis for transformation of biomass to liquid or gaseous fuels.

Explores metabolic pathway engineering. Discusses characterization of new hydrolytic enzymes. Presents new microorganisms and fermentation techniques. Focuses on lignocellulosic biomass conversion Price: $ Enzymatic conversion of biomass for fuels production, American Chemical Society Symposium Series No.

edited by M. Himmel, J. Baker and R. : L. Hamilton, J. Kennedy. Book: Enzymatic conversion of biomass for fuels production. + pp. Abstract: The book highlights the diversity of approaches used to improve the understanding of the action of.

Enzymatic hydrolysis is the process used for the alteration of LCB into substances for the production of the biofuels.

LCB is mainly made up of lignin, the polysaccharides, cellulose and hemicelluloses, and. Enzymatic degradation of lignocellulose is recognized as the hydrolysis method with the greatest potential for improvement and cost reduction for conversion processes.

Methods for biomass pretreatment have been developed to increase the reactivity and digestibility of lignocellulosic materials; these have made the enzymatic.

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals: Biofuels: Alternative Feedstocks and Conversion Processes for the Production of Liquid and Gaseous Biofuels, Second Edition, provides general information, basic data and knowledge on one of the most promising renewable energy sources—liquid and gaseous biofuels—and their production and application.

The book. Sugar cost is presented as minimum sugar selling price (MSSP), including the operating cost of chemicals used in pretreatment and on-site enzyme production for enzymatic hydrolysis, and the capital costs of pretreatment, enzyme production, enzymatic. This book is divided into two parts.

The first covers biomass modification to facilitate the industrial degradation processing and other characteristics of feedstocks. These include reduction in the general recalcitrance of plant cell wall and downstream processing costs.

The second focuses on cutting edge technologies for the conversion. This book provides an introduction to the basic science and technologies for the conversion of biomass (terrestrial and aquatic) into chemicals and fuels, as well as an overview of.

Biomass conversion to ethanol has been evaluated in many reviews [ 42 – 45] which vary focuses from pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis [ 42] to optimization of the cellulase enzyme for improving sugar conversion to ethanol [ 44] and evaluation of current and future economic aspects of fuel ethanol production.

Cellulose. Cellulose is a polysaccharide polymer of glucose disaccharide units, cellobiose, linked tightly by b-1, 4-glycoside bonds (Hendriks and Zeeman,Moglia, ).It is. Yeasts serve as an attractive host organism for the production of biofuels from biomass.

These organisms are well suited for industrial fermentation and have many advantages in biomass conversion processes. However, many challenges still remain that limit overall production. The scaleup of heterotrophic microalgal biomass production.

Progresses in lipid analysis. The conversion of algal biomass to biodiesel. The quality and economic analysis of algal biodiesel.

Concluding remark and future perspectives. Chapter Overview and Assessment of Algal Biofuels Production. Abstract. Biofuels from abundantly available cellulosic biomass are an attractive alternative to current petroleum-based fuels (fossil fuels). Although several strategies exist for commercial production of biofuels, conversion of biomass to biofuels via consolidated bioprocessing offers the potential to reduce production.

About this book Plant biomass is attracting increasing attention as a sustainable resource for large-scale production of renewable fuels and chemicals. However, in order to successfully compete with. Biological Conversion of Biomass for Fuels and Chemicals: Explorations from Natural Utilization Systems Biological Pretreatment of Biomass in Wood-Feeding Termites.

Jing Ke and Shulin Chen. Hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass is important for isolation of glucose in a biorefinery. In this research, intermittent ball milling was applied to facilitate and enhance enzymatic hydrolysis of dilute acid-pretreated lignocellulosic biomass, with the highest glucose yield of % at a low enzyme.

Biological conversion of cellulosic biomass to fuels and chemicals offers the high yields to products vital to economic success and the potential for very low costs. Enzymatic hydrolysis that converts lignocellulosic biomass to fermentable sugars may be the most complex step in this process due to substrate-related and enzyme.

“Enzymatic Conversion of Biomass for Fuels Production” Symposium Series No. ISBN ISBN Washington, DC: American Chemical Society. Lignocellulose conversion stands out as a key process for the sustainable production of renewable fuels and chemicals.

The use of lignocellulosic materials for second generation ethanol production makes it possible to minimize the conflict between land use for food (and feed) and energy : Paperback. Request PDF | Catalysed-Microwave Based Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass of Camelina Sativa L.

for Bio-Fuel Production | Lignocellulosic biomasses are promising alternative resource for bio. Lignocellulose conversion stands out as a key process for the sustainable production of renewable fuels and chemicals.

The use of lignocellulosic materials for second generation ethanol production makes it possible to minimize the conflict between land use for food (and feed) and energy production.

Plant biomass is attracting increasing attention as a sustainable resource for large-scale production of renewable fuels and chemicals. However, in order to successfully compete with petroleum, it is vital that biomass conversion.

Research interest in biomass conversion to fuels and chemicals has increased significantly in the last decade as the necessity for a renewable source of carbon has become more evident. Accordingly, many different reactions and processes to convert biomass into high-value products and fuels.

Technology is being developed at SERI for ethanol production from widely available cellulosic biomass. The bioconversion of cellulose, the major biomass fraction, into ethanol is carried out in a single step, the simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) process, which enhances the kinetics and economics of biomass conversion.

A comprehensive examination of the large number of possible pathways for converting biomass into fuels and power through thermochemical processes Bringing together a widely scattered body of information into a single volume, this book provides complete coverage of the many ways that thermochemical processes are used to transform biomass into fuels.

Biomass has emerged as a potential alternative to the dwindling fossil fuel reserves. Catalytic conversion of biomass has become the main route for the transformation of biomass into a variety of commodity chemicals or liquid fuels. Currently, many reviews have effectively documented the use of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts for the catalytic transformation of biomass.

An overview of the basic technology to produce bioethanol from lignocellulosic biomass is presented in this context. The conventional process includes two main steps. First, lignocellulose must .Plant biomass is attracting increasing attention as a sustainable resource for large-scale production of renewable fuels and chemicals.

However, in order to successfully compete with petroleum, it is vital that biomass conversion Seller Rating: % positive.Its biochemical conversion in a sugar platform biorefinery includes three main unit operations that are illustrated in this review: the physico-chemical pretreatment of the biomass, the enzymatic hydrolysis of the carbohydrates to a fermentable sugar stream by cellulases and finally the fermentation of the sugars .